Dependency Injection

Sponge uses dependency injection to provide instances of the API to plugins. Dependency injection allows plugins to designate a few API types that will be injected after construction.

Temporäre Liste der Injected Types

ConfigDir (annotation on Path or File)
Used to inject the plugin’s configuration directory: ./config/ OR ./config/<Plugin#id>/ depending on ConfigDir#sharedRoot()
ConfigurationLoader<CommentedConfigurationNode>
Must be annotated with @DefaultConfig. Used to inject a pre-generated ConfigurationLoader for the File of the same annotation.
DefaultConfig (annotation on Path, ConfigurationLoader or File)
Used to inject the plugin’s specific configuration file: <Plugin#id>.conf
EventManager
Manages the registration of event handlers and the dispatching of events.
File
Must be annotated with either @DefaultConfig or @ConfigDir. Depending on the annotation given this will contain a file reference to the plugins default config file or the directory used for storing configuration files. However, Path (see below) should be preferred.
Game
The Game object is the core accessor of SpongeAPI.
GameRegistry
Provides an easy way to retrieve types from a Game.
GuiceObjectMapperFactory
A tool provided by Configurate to allow easier mapping of objects to configuration nodes. See Serialisieren von Objekten for usage.
Injector
com.google.inject.Injector is available from Guice, it is the injector that was used to inject your plugin’s dependencies. You can use it to create a child injector with your own module in order to inject your own classes with either the Sponge provided dependencies listed on this page, or configure your own classes
Logger
Used to identify the plugin from which logged messages are sent.
Path
Must be annotated with either @DefaultConfig or @ConfigDir. Depending on the annotation given this will contain a path reference to the plugins default config file or the directory used for storing configuration files.
PluginContainer
A Plugin class wrapper, used to retrieve information from the annotation for easier use.
PluginManager
Manages the plugins loaded by the implementation. Can retrieve another plugin’s PluginContainer.

Injection Examples

There are a few references which are difficult to get - or, in some cases, impossible - without injection. While these may not be absolutely vital to every plugin, they’re quite frequently used.

Bemerkung

Remember that it’s almost always best practice to inject your objects within the main class, as it’s instantiated with the Guice injector when the plugin is loaded.

Logger

Tipp

View Loggen und Debugging for a complete guide, specifically for the Logger.

Game

The Game object is the opening for many of the internal functions of SpongeAPI, from the EventManager to the Server and even the Sync/Async Scheduler.

While it is entirely possible to retrieve the Game object through Sponge.getGame(), it is commonly obtained through an injection.

Beispiel - Feld

import com.google.inject.Inject;
import org.spongepowered.api.Game;

@Inject
private Game game;

Beispiel - Methode

private Game game;

@Inject
private void setGame(Game game) {
    this.game = game;
}

Beispiel - Konstruktor

For the purpose of this tutorial, „Apple“ is the class name.
private Game game;

@Inject
public Apple(Game game) {
    this.game = game;
}

Config Directory

The recommended way to obtain your config file is through Guice, along with the ConfigDir annotation.

Tipp

If you set sharedRoot to true, your ConfigDir will be the same directory which - potentially - houses the configuration for other plugins. In most cases where grabbing the ConfigDir is required, this should be false.

Beispiel - Feld

import org.spongepowered.api.config.ConfigDir;

import java.nio.file.Path;

@Inject
@ConfigDir(sharedRoot = false)
private Path configDir;

Beispiel - Methode

private Path configDir;

@Inject
private void setConfigDir(@ConfigDir(sharedRoot = false) Path configDir) {
    this.configDir = configDir;
}

Beispiel - Konstruktor

For the purposes of this tutorial, „Orange“ is the class name.
private Path configDir;

@Inject
public Orange(@ConfigDir(sharedRoot = false) Path configDir) {
    this.configDir = configDir;
}

DefaultConfig

The way that @DefaultConfig works is very similar to @ConfigDir. The biggest difference is that @DefaultConfig refers to a specific file, whereas @ConfigDir refers to a directory.

Tipp

View Plugins konfigurieren for a complete guide, specifically for @DefaultConfig.