ワールド生成方法の変更

  • Modifying Vanilla Generation

  • Creating Custom Base Terrain

  • Creating Custom GenerationPopulators

  • Creating Custom Populators

  • Creating Custom Biomes

Modifying Vanilla Generation

注釈

This page assumes that you are familiar with setting up your WorldGeneratorModifier. If not, then please read the article on setting up your modifier at WorldGeneratorModifier.

Sponge exposes a great deal of vanilla world generation, which can be manipulated through the various interfaces. Currently, the only elements of the generation process that are easily exposed to manipulation are the populators.

For a quick example, let’s look at how we would change the cacti that spawn in deserts to be taller.

import org.spongepowered.api.world.biome.BiomeGenerationSettings;
import org.spongepowered.api.world.biome.BiomeTypes;
import org.spongepowered.api.world.gen.Populator;
import org.spongepowered.api.world.gen.populator.Cactus;

@Override
public void modifyWorldGenerator(WorldProperties world, DataContainer settings, WorldGenerator worldGenerator) {
    BiomeGenerationSettings desertSettings = worldGenerator.getBiomeSettings(BiomeTypes.DESERT);
    for (Cactus populator : desertSettings.getPopulators(Cactus.class)) {
        populator.setHeight(5);
    }
}

Start by getting the BiomeGenerationSettings for the desert biome. This object is a container for all generation settings relating to that biome. Next, iterate through the list of all Cactus populators and set the height to 5, which means it can only generate cactii which are 5 blocks tall.

注釈

The Cactus#setHeight(int), and many other similar methods on other populators, also takes a VariableAmount which can be used to specify the height as a range or other custom value.

This has been a simple example of how to modify an existing populator. Let’s look at how we can add a new instance of a vanilla populator. This time the populator will be added globally, which means it will be applied to all chunks regardless of the biome. Let’s add a Pumpkin populator globally, causing pumpkins to be scattered everywhere throughout the world.

import org.spongepowered.api.world.gen.populator.Pumpkin;

@Override
public void modifyWorldGenerator(WorldProperties world, DataContainer settings, WorldGenerator worldGenerator) {
    Pumpkin pumpkinPopulator = Pumpkin.builder().perChunk(12).build();
    worldGenerator.getPopulators().add(pumpkinPopulator);
}

Contrary to the previous example, this time you are creating an entirely new populator. To do this, first you need to get a builder for that populator. Then set your desired settings for the populator into it - in this case, we want a dozen pumpkins to spawn per patch. Finally, add your new populator to the list of populators that are applied globally to the world.

Voila, now we have pumpkins everywhere.

注釈

In this example we added the pumpkin populator to the end of the populators list, but it should be noted that this list is order dependent. So, if you would like your populator to be called earlier than other populators, as is usually a good idea with Forest populators, then you should add your populator to the start of the list.

These two examples should serve to help you get familiar with the realm of working with vanilla populators. This only touches the surface of what is possible. See the javadocs for a complete listing of available populators and their properties.

Creating Custom Base Terrain

Changing the base GenerationPopulator of a world generator allows you to change the base terrain shape generation of the world. A generator populator will roughly follow the procedure of using the seed and biome information to seed and modify a series of noise maps, from which the terrain is formed. The terrain created in a modified base generator populator should only consist of stone blocks, to allow the biomes to properly replace blocks for biome-specific ground cover.

public class SinusoidalGenerator implements GenerationPopulator {

    @Override
    public void populate(World world, MutableBlockVolume buffer, ImmutableBiomeVolume biomes) {
        for(int x = buffer.getBlockMin().getX(); x < buffer.getBlockMax().getX(); x++) {
            for(int z = buffer.getBlockMin().getZ(); z < buffer.getBlockMax().getZ(); z++) {
                BiomeType biome = biomes.getBiome(x, 64, z);
                int height = getHeight(x, z, world.getWorldGenerator().getBiomeSettings(biome));
                for(int y = 0; y < height || y < 64; y++) {
                    if(y < height) {
                        buffer.setBlockType(x, y, z, BlockTypes.STONE);
                    } else {
                        buffer.setBlockType(x, y, z, BlockTypes.WATER);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    private int getHeight(int x, int z, BiomeGenerationSettings biome) {
        double sx = Math.sin(x / 64d) + 1;
        double sz = Math.sin(z / 64d) + 1;
        double value = (sx + sz) / 4d;
        double heightRange = biome.getMaxHeight() - biome.getMinHeight();
        double height = heightRange * value / biome.getMinHeight();
        return GenericMath.floor(height * 256);
    }
}

This is a fairly simple example of a base terrain generation populator (at least, if you look past the math to calculate the height). For each column in the buffered area we want to calculate a height value, and then fill in everything below that with stone and leave everything above it as air (or water if we’re still below sea-level).

Creating Custom GenerationPopulators

注釈

The API for custom GenerationPopulators isn’t finished yet. This section will be expanded in the future.

Creating Custom Populators

Custom populators can be used to add a great variety of custom features. To create a custom populator you need only create a class implementing the Populator interface and add it to the list of populators attached to a biome, or to a world generator if you want it applied globally.

Your custom populator will be passed an Extent which is a view onto the world covering the area that you should be applying your populator. It is advised that you do not make any assumptions as to the expected size or position of this extent, as it may be larger or smaller for operations such as regenerating a chunk.

注釈

To allow your populator to overlap chunk boundaries your populator is allowed to extend up to 8 blocks outside of the boundaries of the extent.

Creating Custom Biomes

While it is currently not possible to create entirely new biomes from within sponge, you can replace the system by which they are arranged in the world be implementing the BiomeGenerator interface and setting your custom biome generator onto a WorldGenerator.

Below is an example of a biome generator which creates one large island centered around (0, 0).

public class IslandBiomeGen implements BiomeGenerator {

    private static final double ISLAND_SIZE = 200f;
    private static final double BEACH_RADIUS = ISLAND_SIZE * ISLAND_SIZE;
    private static final double FOREST_SIZE = ISLAND_SIZE - 7;
    private static final double FOREST_RADIUS = FOREST_SIZE * FOREST_SIZE;
    private static final double HILLS_SIZE = FOREST_SIZE - 120;
    private static final double HILLS_RADIUS = HILLS_SIZE * HILLS_SIZE;

    @Override
    public void generateBiomes(MutableBiomeVolume buffer) {
        Vector3i min = buffer.getBiomeMin();
        Vector3i max = buffer.getBiomeMax();

        for (int x = min.getX(); x <= max.getX(); x++) {
            for (int z = min.getZ(); z <= max.getZ(); z++) {
                if (x * x + z * z < HILLS_RADIUS) {
                    buffer.setBiome(x, 64, z, BiomeTypes.EXTREME_HILLS);
                } else if (x * x + z * z < FOREST_RADIUS) {
                    buffer.setBiome(x, 64, z, BiomeTypes.FOREST);
                } else if (x * x + z * z < BEACH_RADIUS) {
                    buffer.setBiome(x, 64, z, BiomeTypes.BEACH);
                } else {
                    buffer.setBiome(x, 64, z, BiomeTypes.OCEAN);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}